Mit Unterstützung des FBI stieg James "Whitey" Bulger zum Paten von Boston auf, räumte unbehelligt Rivalen und Zeugen aus dem Weg. Sein Leben diente als Vorlage für den Film „The Departed“: Jetzt ist der berüchtigte amerikanische Gangsterboss James „Whitey“ Bulger. James Joseph „Whitey“ Bulger war ein verhafteter US-amerikanischer Verbrecher. Er stand ab als chronologisch Person auf der Liste der zehn meistgesuchten Flüchtigen des FBI. Auf seine Ergreifung waren 2 Mio. US-Dollar ausgesetzt.
James J. BulgerAls sie Kinder waren, wuchsen John Connolly und James „Whitey“ Bulger zusammen in den rauen Straßen im Süden von Boston auf. Jahrzehnte später, Mitte. James»Whitey«Bulger. Der Prozess gegen den Ex-Mafia-Boss und FBI-Informanten James „Whitey“ Bulger holt die Schrecken der 80er zurück: Jetzt starb der wichtigste Zeuge namens.
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Over the years that followed, Bulger began to remove opposition by persuading Winter to sanction the killings of those who "stepped out of line".
In a interview, Winter recalled that the highly intelligent Bulger "could teach the devil tricks". And when things couldn't be worked out to his satisfaction with these people, after all the other options had been explored, he wouldn't hesitate to use violence.
Tommy King, in , was one example. Tommy's problems began when he and Jimmy had worked in Triple O's.
Tommy, who was a Mullins, made a fist. And Jimmy saw it. A week later, Tommy was dead. Tommy's second and last mistake had been getting into the car with Jimmy, Stevie, and Johnny Martorano.
In , Winter was arrested, along with many members of his inner circle, on charges of fixing horse races. Bulger and Flemmi were left out of the indictments.
They stepped into the power vacuum and took over the leadership of the gang, transferring its headquarters to the Lancaster Street Garage in Boston's West End , near the Boston Garden.
In late August or early September , Bulger and an accomplice reportedly set fire to an elementary school in Wellesley to intimidate U.
One year later, on September 8, , Bulger and an unidentified person tossed a Molotov cocktail into the John F. Kennedy birthplace in Brookline in retaliation for Senator Ted Kennedy 's vocal support for Boston school desegregation.
In , the Federal Bureau of Investigation FBI approached Bulger and attempted to recruit him as an informant as part of their effort against the Patriarca crime family.
However, Connolly failed to win Bulger's trust. Although it is a documented fact that Bulger soon followed Flemmi's example, exactly how and why continues to be debated.
Connolly frequently boasted to his fellow agents about how he had recruited Bulger at a late-night meeting at Wollaston Beach inside an FBI-issue car.
After listening to the pitch, Bulger is said to have responded, "Alright, if they want to play checkers, we'll play chess. Fuck 'em. Weeks considers it more likely that Flemmi had betrayed Bulger to the FBI, given the choice to supply information to the bureau or return to prison.
According to Weeks:  : Connolly kept telling me that 90 percent of the information in the files came from Stevie. But, Connolly told me, he had to put Jimmy's name on the files to keep his file active.
As long as Jimmy was an active informant, Connolly said, he could justify meeting with Jimmy and giving him valuable information.
Even after he retired, Connolly still had friends in the FBI, and he and Jimmy kept meeting to let each other know what was going on. I could see that a lot of the reports were not just against the Italians.
There were more and more names of Polish and Irish guys, of people we had done business with, of friends of mine. I would see, over and over again, that some of these people had been arrested for crimes that were mentioned in these reports.
If there was some investigation going on and his supervisor said, 'Let me take a look at that,' what was Connolly going to do?
He had to give it up. And he obviously had. By , Morris was "thoroughly compromised", having had Bulger buy plane tickets for his then-girlfriend Debbie Noseworthy to visit him in Georgia while he was being trained for drug investigations.
Even after , when Morris was transferred to head up the Boston FBI's anti-drug task force, he remained an accomplice to Connolly and Bulger. During the discovery phase, Salemme and DeLuca were listening to a tape from a roving bug, which is normally authorized when the FBI has no advance knowledge of where criminal activity will take place.
They overheard two of the agents who were listening in on the bug mention that they should have told one of their informants to give "a list of questions" to the other wiseguys.
When their lawyer, Tony Cardinale, learned about this, he realized that the FBI had lied about the basis for the bug in order to protect an informant.
Suspecting that this was not the first time this had happened, Cardinale sought to force prosecutors to reveal the identities of any informants used in connection with the case.
Wolf granted Cardinale's motion on May 22, On June 3, Paul E. Coffey stated that since Bulger was accused of "leading a criminal enterprise" while working as an informant and was also now a fugitive , he had "forfeited any reasonable expectation" that his identity would be protected.
On September 5, , federal judge Reginald C. Lindsay stated the FBI failed to properly supervise Connolly convicted and jailed in and "stuck its head in the sand" regarding numerous allegations that Bulger and Flemmi were involved in drug trafficking , murder and other crimes for decades.
In February , federal prosecutors indicted numerous members of the Winter Hill Gang, including boss Howie Winter, for fixing horse races.
Bulger and Flemmi were originally going to be part of this indictment, but Connolly and Morris were able to persuade prosecutor Jeremiah T.
O'Sullivan to drop the charges against them at the last minute. Bulger and Flemmi were instead named as unindicted co-conspirators.
Bulger and Flemmi then took over the remnants of the Winter Hill Gang and used their status as informants to eliminate competition.
The information they supplied to the FBI in subsequent years was responsible for the imprisonment of several of Bulger's associates whom Bulger viewed as threats; however, the main victim of their relationship with the federal government was the Patriarca family, which was based in Boston's North End and in Federal Hill , Providence , Rhode Island.
Bulger and Flemmi stepped into the ensuing vacuum to take control of organized crime in the Boston area. Weeks, a bouncer at the bar, said, "He wasn't a big guy, maybe five seven and pounds.
Of Arab descent, he had a mustache like Saddam Hussein. That night, as always, he was talking in his obnoxious loud voice. Even when there were people in the bar, you always knew Louie was there.
Litif had been stealing money from his partners in the bookmaking operation and using the money to traffic cocaine , and had not only refused to pay Bulger a cut of his drug profits but committed two murders without Bulger's permission.
Bulger refused to sanction this, but Litif vowed to proceed. Bulger replied, "You've stepped over the line. You're no longer just a bookmaker.
Bulger coldly responded, "We're not friends anymore, Louie. At the time, Weeks was about to get married and, shortly before the wedding, informed Bulger that he was having difficulty finding a seat for Litif at the reception.
And now he wanted to kill a friend of Jimmy. There was no way that would be allowed. Shortly after that, a week or so before my wedding, Louie was found stuffed into a garbage bag in the trunk of his car, which had been dumped in the South End.
He had been stabbed with an ice pick and shot. Strangley enough, Jimmy, told me, 'Louie's last words to me were a lie.
It was hard to figure out why Louie lied to Jimmy that night. If he'd told Jimmy that someone had driven him, he might have gotten a pass. But it wouldn't have lasted long, since Jimmy had no intention of letting Louie run wild.
Connolly kept Bulger and Flemmi closely briefed on what Halloran was saying, specifically his knowledge of their participation, along with their youngest associate James "Gentleman Jim" Mulvey, in the murder of businessman Roger Wheeler.
After arriving at the scene, Weeks staked out the Anthony's Pier 4 restaurant, where Halloran was dining. Michael Donahue, a friend of Halloran's from Dorchester , incidentally ran into him at the restaurant.
In a decision that would prove costly to him, Donahue offered Halloran a ride home. As Donahue and Halloran drove out of the parking lot, Weeks signaled Bulger by stating, "The balloon is in the air" over a walkie-talkie.
Bulger drove up with another man armed with a silenced MAC ; Bulger himself carried a. Bulger and the other gunman, both disguised, opened fire and sprayed Halloran and Donahue's car with bullets.
Donahue was shot in the head and killed instantly. Halloran lived long enough to identify his attacker as James Flynn, a Winter Hill associate, who was later tried and acquitted.
Flynn remained the prime suspect until , when Weeks agreed to cooperate with investigators and identified Bulger as one of the shooters.
Flemmi has identified the second shooter as Mulvey, who has denied the allegation and has yet to be charged. Donahue was survived by his wife and three sons.
His family, and Halloran's, eventually filed a civil lawsuit against the U. Both families were awarded several million dollars in damages.
However, the verdict was overturned on appeal due to the late filing of the claims. Throughout the s, Bulger, Flemmi, and Weeks operated rackets throughout eastern Massachusetts including loansharking, bookmaking, truck hijacking, arms trafficking , and extortion.
State and federal agencies were repeatedly stymied in their attempts to build cases against Bulger and his inner circle.
This was caused by several factors. Among them was the trio's fear of wiretaps and policy of never discussing their business over the telephone or in vehicles.
Richard J. Schneiderhan , the crew's only source inside that agency, was valued more highly. During the mids, Bulger began to summon drug dealers from in and around Boston to his headquarters.
Flanked by Weeks and Flemmi, Bulger would inform each dealer that he had been offered a substantial sum in return for that dealer's assassination.
He would then demand a large cash payment as the price of not killing them. Eventually, however, the massive profits of drugs proved irresistible.
Most of South Boston's cocaine and marijuana trafficking was under the control of a crew led by mobster John Shea. According to Weeks, Bulger briefly considered killing Shea, but eventually decided to extort a weekly cut of his profits.
Weeks also said that Bulger enforced strict rules over the dealers who operated on his territory,  : strictly forbidding the use of PCP and selling drugs to children,  : adding that those dealers who refused to play by his rules were violently driven out of his turf.
He quietly served a long prison sentence and refused to admit to having paid protection money to Bulger, Flemmi and Weeks. He repeatedly got in fights with other inmates who accused Bulger of being "a rat.
It would not be until the cooperation of Weeks that Bulger, by then a fugitive, was conclusively linked to the drug trade by investigators.
According to an interview conducted with Globe reporters Kevin Cullen and Shelley Murphy, Weeks "estimated that Whitey made about thirty million dollars From the start of his involvement with the FBI, Bulger "insisted Bulger also personally donated some of his own weapons.
Before the use of Valhalla , he oversaw a shipment of guns and C-4 in a van at least once. Bulger was annoyed when he learned that the IRA members he supplied had burned the van that contained the weapons.
The final cache included "91 rifles, 8 submachine guns, 13 shotguns, 51 handguns, 11 bullet-proof vests, 70, rounds of ammunition, plus an array of hand grenades and rocket heads.
When Valhalla crew member John McIntyre was arrested "for trying to visit his estranged wife", he confessed his role in the weapons smuggling to the Boston Police.
According to Weeks, when Bulger met with McIntyre in a South Boston house, he hoped to avoid murdering the informant and offered to send him to South America with money and the understanding that he was never to contact his family or friends again.
After interrogating McIntyre over several hours, however, Bulger decided that he did not have the discipline to cut ties with everyone.
He then killed McIntyre and went upstairs to take a nap while Weeks and Flemmi removed the corpse's teeth with a pair of pliers and buried it in the basement.
In the summer of , Bulger and Weeks, along with associates Patrick and Michael Linskey, came into possession of a winning Massachusetts Lottery ticket which had been bought at a store he owned.
Bulger was widely thought to have obtained his share of the jackpot illegitimately. The FBI, by this time considered compromised, was not informed.
After a number of bookmakers agreed to testify to having paid protection money to Bulger, a federal case was built against him under the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act RICO.
In and , before the pinches came down, Jimmy and Stevie were traveling on the French and Italian Riviera. The two of them traveled all over Europe, sometimes separating for a while.
Sometimes they took girls, sometimes just the two of them went. They would rent cars and travel all through Europe.
It was more preparation than anything, getting ready for another life. They didn't ask me to go, not that I would have wanted to. Bulger's brother William was a powerful local Democratic politician who became president of the Massachusetts State Senate in and later the president of the University of Massachusetts.
The politician always denied any knowledge of his brother's crimes, but maintained that he loved his brother and could never betray him to law enforcement.
The mobster was arrested in in Santa Monica, California, where he had been hiding out with his girlfriend Catherine Greig, who remains incarcerated at a women's prison in Minnesota.
He was convicted in of a litany of federal crimes, including participating in 11 murders across the US throughout the s and 80s. In a letter to a group of students who had written to him for a history project, Bulger appeared to express remorse for his past.
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The terrifying experiment left a permanent mark on Whitey Bulger, who suffered from insomnia and nightmares for the rest of his life.
Although Bulger believed the experiment was an attempt to cure schizophrenia, he later discovered that they he had actually been part of the infamous CIA project known as MKUltra.
This secret project was carried out from to at universities, prisons, and other institutions, with the ultimate goal of creating a mind-control weapon.
According to crime author T. Carl Pfeiffer, the man who oversaw the MKUltra program. Indeed, in a town overrun by mobsters, it was sort of like a badge of honor.
Not long after his release, Bulger found himself a place as an enforcer for the Killeen Gang. However, in , his group got caught up in a violent spat with another Boston gang, the Mullens.
It was during this time that Bulger came to be known as a cold-blooded killer. In particular, his reputation was cemented when he murdered Donald McGonagle , the brother of one of the leaders of the Mullen gang.
What makes this murder significant is not just that McGonagle was innocent of the crime dealings of his brother, Paulie.
When his gang leader Donald Killeen was killed in and it became clear he was on the losing side, he met with Howie Winter of the Winter Hill Gang and mediated an end to the feud.
Shortly after, Bulger went to work for Winter, forming a close partnership with Stephen Flemmi, another Winter Hill mobster quickly rising through the ranks.
The two men would go on to orchestrate numerous murders in the late s and early s. The most famous of these would be Roger Wheeler, a wealthy and prominent American businessman who found out they were skimming his money.